Entitled as the Emerald of the Desert, Kerman is located in a large flat plain in the southwest of Iran. The city was built in the 3rd century AD during Sassanid period. Kerman has experienced many ups and downs during the history. It has been invaded by different tribes in different periods. After being visited by Marco Polo in 1271 it became a link for transportation of merchandise between the Persian Gulf and Northern provinces and Central Asia. At the end of 18th century the city experienced its most disastrous catastrophe and was completely destroyed in 90 days by Aqa Mohammad Khan the founder of Qajar dynasty where he left tens of thousands of dead bodies. It is located at an altitude of about 1755ms above sea level and is the highest city in the southern part of Iran. Due to the inhabitance of a minor community of Zoroastrians (followers of ancient Iranian dominant religion) a museum of Zoroastrian and a fire temple are located in Kerman. Among the most notable attractions of Kerman the 14th century Jame' Mosque of Kerman and Ganj Ali Khan Bathhouse and Ethnological museum should be mentioned. Like many other cities of Iran Kerman also has its special sweets and souvenirs, the most significant of which is Kerman carpet.
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